Needs Analysis-Based Approaches to English Language Teaching for Science Students

Muhamad Hasbi


Teaching English to science students can be a lot more challenging compared to teaching it to English students due to the more basic but complex issues such as student motivation and perspective toward English learning which must be dealt with strategic approaches. This reflective study explored the use of needs analysis-based pedagogical approaches to teaching English to students of Science Education Department, IAIN Salatiga in the first semester of the academic year of 2016/2017. (1) Needs analysis form covering student attitude, choice of topic, and choice of types of learning activities, (2) direct classroom observation and (3) student post course evaluation sheet were in use to gather the data which later was analyzed quantitatively. The research found that, in an ESP class, conducting student needs analysis was paramount prior to designing pedagogical activities and had a significant contribution in the lesson plan decision-making with strong efficiency relevance in its learning application as student evaluation concluded with a high rated score.


Keywords: English for science, needs analysis, approach

Full Text:



Al-Hamlan, S. A., Baniabdelrahman, A. A. (2015). A Needs Analysis Approach to EFL Syllabus Development for Second Grade Students in Secondary Education in Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive Analytical Approach to Students’ Needs. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, Vol. 5, No. 1, p.118-145.

Boroujeni, S A., Fard, F. M. (2013). A Needs Analysis of English for Specific Purposes (ESP) Course For Adoption Of Communicative Language Teaching (A Case of Iranian First-Year Students of Educational Administration). International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, Vol. 2, Issue 6, p. 35-44.

Ferreira, J. G. (2011). Teaching Life Sciences to English second language learners: What do teachers do?. South African Journal of Education, Vol. 3 , No.1, p. 102-113.

Giouroukakis, V., Rauch A. (2010). Science for the English Language Learner: Strategies to Enhance Comprehension. Educator’s Voice, Vol. 3, p.50-55.

Hudson, P. (2009). Learning to Teach Science Using English As The Medium of Instruction. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, Vol. 5, No. 2, p.165-170.

Knott, D. (2017). Switching It Up: Investigating Ways Teachers Change Their Practices to Reach Their Students. The Journal of Teaching English for Specific and Academic Purposes, Vol. 5, No 4, p. 629-638.

Laplante, B. (1997). Teaching Science to Language Minority Students in Elementary Classrooms. NYSABE Journal, p. 62-83.

Liao H., Chen Y. H. (2012). English for Science and Technology Teaching Materials: Phase One Evaluation. English Language Teaching, Vol. 5, No. 6.

Mansouri, A. N. H. (2010). Teaching English to students of science and technology. Sino-US English Teaching, Vol. 7, No. 2, p.17-29. Illinois: David Publishing Company.

Musikhin, I. A. (2016). English For Specific Purposes: Teaching English For Science And Technology. ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Vol.3, No.6. Prague, Czech Republic.

Otilia, S. M. (2015). Needs Analysis In English For Specific Purposes. Annals Of The “Constantin Brâncuşi”, Economy Series, Issue 1, Volume II, p. 54-55.

Porcaro, J. W. (2013). Teaching English for Science and Technology: An Approach for Reading with Engineering English. English Teaching Forum, Vol.2. Japan.

Ramani, N., Pushpanathan T. (2015). Importance of Needs Analysis in ELT Curriculum. International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research, Vol. 2, No. 10, p. 98–100.

Songhori, M. H. (2008). Introduction to Needs Analysis. English for Specific Purposes World, Issue 4, p. 1-25.

Ulum, Ö. G. (2015). A Needs Analysis Study for Preparatory Class ELT Students. European Journal of English Language Teaching, Vol. 1, Issue 1, p. 14-29.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Britania Journal Indexed by :