THE EFFECT OF RAFT (ROLE, AUDIENCE, FORMAT AND TOPIC) STRATEGY TOWARDS STUDENTS’ WRITING SKILLOF RECOUNT TEXT

Hamdani Hamdani, Nila Rahmadhani, Muhammad Kristiawan

Abstract


This research was experiment, which aimed at finding out whether there was significant effect of RAFT strategy towards students’ writing skill of recount text or not. The population of this research were the students grade X MAN Lubuk Alung in academic year 2015/2016. It consists of 180 students. The technique of selecting sample was cluster sampling, and it was selected two classes, X4 treated through RAFT strategy while X3 was treated through conventional strategy.The data of this research were collectedthroughwriting test. The data analysis of post-test showed that the mean scoreof students’ writing skill in experimental class were 77.75with 6.51 standard deviation and the mean score of students’ writing skill in control class were67.58 with 6.42 standard deviation. Those data were taken after both classes given treatments for several times with tcalculated = 5.113 and ttable = 1.645. Itmeans the score of tcalculated was bigger than the score of ttable (tc> tt).Based on the analysis, it was concluded that RAFT strategy gave significant effecttoward students’ writing skill of recount text rather than conventional strategy. It was proven by students’ score in experimental class was higher than control class.

Key words: RAFT strategy, writing skill, recount text, islamic high school


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