Intervensi Program Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam Mengatasi Bullying Siswa Madrasah Aliyah Negeri Salatiga

Andar Ifazatul Nurlatifah

Abstract


The Intervention Of Guidance And Counseling Program to Overcome The Bullying Of MAN Salatiga Students. This article a mixed method research with concurrent triangulation design to examine (1) the phenomenon of bullying at MAN Salatiga, (2) the guidance and counseling intervention to deal with bullying at MAN Salatiga, and (3) the ideal guidance and counseling program to overcome bullying at MAN Salatiga. Scale delivered to 157 respondents to measure students’ understanding and involvement in bullying. Interviews with students, guidance and counseling teachers, and FGD followed by lecturers and counselors used to collect information about bullying and bullying intervention. The results of the study revealed that students’ understanding of the concept of bullying is 73.41%, 44.76% students involved in bullying as witness; 34.13% as victim; and 34.25% as bully. There are differences between men and women in understanding of bullying concept and the involvement in bullying. The guidance and counseling teachers’ interventions in dealing with bullying are focused on guidance and counseling responsive services in the form of curative efforts to the victim and bully. Therefore, the ideal program in dealing with bullying is carried out evenly in the frame of guidance and counseling basic services, responsive services, individual planning services, and system support to the victim, the bully, and the witness.


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Arseneault, L., Bowes, L., & Shakoor, S. 2010. Bullying Victimization in Youths and Mental Health Problems: ‘Much Ado about Nothing’?. Psychological Medicine, 40 (5), 717-729. doi:10.1017/S0033291709991383

Belman, J. & Flanagan, M. 2009. Designing Games to Foster Empathy. Cognitive Technology, Vol. 14 (2), 5-15. Retrieved http://www.tiltfactor.org/wp-content/uploads2/cog-tech-si-g4g-article-1-belman-and-flanagan-designing-games-to-foster-empathy.pdf

Bond, L., Carlin, J. B., Thomas, L., Rubin, K., & Patton, G. 2001. Does Bullying Cause Emotional Problems? A Prospective Study of Young Teenagers. BMJ, 323. doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.323.7311.480

Coloroso, B. 2007. Stop Bullying (Memutus Rantai Kekerasan Anak dari Prasekolah hingga SMU). Jakarta: Serambi.

Corey, G. 2010. Teori dan Praktek Konseling & Psikoterapi, cet. ke-6. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 2008. Penataan Pendidikan Profesional Konselor dan Layanan Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam Jalur Pendidikan Formal.

Direktorat Jenderal Peningkatan Mutu Pendidik dan Tenaga Kependidikan. 2007. Rambu-Rambu Penyelenggaraan Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam Jalur Pendidikan Formal (ttp.: t.p).

Farida , 2017. Tri Sukses Melalui Bimbingan Dan Konseling Pendidikan Sesuai Faktor Sosial Budaya. Konseling Edukasi: Journal of Guidance and Counseling Vol. 1 No (1).

Farrington, David & Baldry, Anna. 2010. Individual Risk Factors for School Bullying. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2010, Vol. 2 Issue: 1, pp.4-16, https://doi.org/10.5042/jacpr.2010.0001

Febrini, Deni. 2011. Bimbingan Konseling.Yogyakarta: Teras.

Frey, Karin S. 2005. Gathering and Communicating Information about School Bullying: Overcoming “Secrets and Lies”. Health Education, 2005, Vol. 105 Issue: 6, pp.409-413, Https://doi.org/10.1108/09654280510630759

Gibson, Robert L. dan Mitchell, Marianne H. 2011. Bimbingan dan Konseling, terjemahan oleh Yudi Santoso. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Goleman, D. 1999. Emotional Intelligence. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Hawrylak, Alicia Raia & Donoghue, Christopher. 2016. Assessing the Impact of Emerging Anti-Bullying Legislation on Children and Youth. Education Youth and Today. Published online: 27 Jul 2016; 167-184. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1537-466120160000020007

Jacobsen, K. & Bauman, S. 2007. Bullying in Schools: School Counselors' Responses to Three Types of Bullying Incidents. Professional School Counseling, 11 (1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.5330/PSC.n.2010-11.1

Kartadinata, Sunaryo, dkk., 2008. Penataan Pendidikan Profesional Konselor dan Layanan Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam jalur Pendidikan Formal, Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Kroth, J. A. 1973. Counseling Psychology and Guidance: an Overview in Outline. Illinois: Charles C. Thomas.

Lösel, Friedrich & Bender, Doris. 2011. Emotional and Antisocial Outcomes of Bullying and Victimization at School: a Follow-up from Childhood to Adolescence. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2011, Vol. 3 Issue: 2, pp.89-96, https://doi.org/10.1108/17596591111132909

Mappiare, A.T. 2011. Pengantar Konseling dan Psikoterapi, edisi ke-2, cet. ke-8. Jakarta: PT Rajagrafindo Persada.

Marsudi, Saring. 2010. Layanan Bimbingan Konseling di Sekolah. Surakarta: Muhammadiyah University Press.

McGee, Tara Renae, at al. 2011. Young Adult Problem Behaviour Outcomes of Adolescent Bullying. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2011, Vol. 3 Issue: 2, pp.110-114, https://doi.org/10.1108/17596591111132936

McIntyre, T. & Franks, A. http://www.behavioradvisor.com/Bullying.html

Nassem, Elizabeth Mary. 2017. The Complexity of Children’s Involvement in School Bullying. Journal of Children's Services, Vol. 12 Issue: 4, pp.288-301, https://doi.org/10.1108/JCS-03-2017-0009

Nassem, Elizabeth Mary. 2017. The Complexity of Children’s Involvement in School Bullying. Journal of Children's Services, Vol. 12 Issue: 4, pp.288-301, https://doi.org/10.1108/JCS-03-2017-0009

Nurihsan, A. J. 2005. Strategi Layanan Bimbingan dan Konseling, cet. ke-1. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Nurihsan, Achmad Juntika. 2011. Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam Berbagai Latar Kehidupan. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Nurlatifah, Andar I. 2017. “Urgensi Empati Konselor/Guru BK dalam Penanganan Bullying di Sekolah”. Proceedings International Conference on Indonesian Islam, Education, and Science (ICIIES)2017-Book Two, 422-429.

Olweus, D. 1996, Bullying at School: Knowledge Base and an Effective Intervention Program. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 794: 265–276. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1996.tb32527.x

Rahman, Hibana S. 2003. Bimbingan dan Konseling Pola 17. Yogyakarta: UCY Press.

Regoli, R. M. & Hewitt, J. D. (2006). Deliquency in Society, Sixth Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

Rivers, I., Poteat, V. P., Noret, N., & Ashurst, N. 2009. Observing Bullying at School: The Mental Health Implications of Witness Status. School Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 4, 211–223. Retieved http://www.apa.org/ pubs/journals/releases/spq-24-4-211.pdf

Samnani, Al Karim. 2013. “Is This Bullying?” Understanding Target and Witness Reactions. Journal of Managerial, 2013, Psychology, Vol. 28 Issue: 3, pp.290-305, https://doi.org/10.1108/02683941311321196

Sciarra, Daniel T. 2004. School Counseling: Foundation and Contemporary Issues. Belmont: Thomson.

Semiun, Y. 2010. Kesehatan Mental 3, cet. ke-5. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius.

Suherman, Uman. 2007. Manajemen Bimbingan dan Konseling. Bekasi: Madani Production.

Ttofi, Maria & Farrington ,David. 2009. What Works in Preventing Bullying: Effective Elements of Anti-Bullying Programmes. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2009, Vol. 1 Issue: 1, pp.13-24, https://doi.org/10.1108/17596599200900003

Wolke, D., Copeland, W. E., Angold, A., & Costello, E. J. 2013. Impact of Bullying in Childhood on Adult Health, Wealth, Crime, and Social Outcomes. Psychological Science. Retrieved http://pss.sagepub.com/content/early/ 2013/08/16/ 0956797613481608

Yen, Cheng-Fang. 2010. School Bullying and Mental Health in Children and Adolescents. Taiwanese Journal of Psychiatry (Taipei), Vol. 24, No. 1. Retrieved www.sop.org.tw/publication/Upload_files/24_1/002.pdf

Arseneault, L., Bowes, L., & Shakoor, S. 2010. Bullying Victimization in Youths and Mental Health Problems: ‘Much Ado about Nothing’?. Psychological Medicine, 40 (5), 717-729. doi:10.1017/S0033291709991383

Belman, J. & Flanagan, M. 2009. Designing Games to Foster Empathy. Cognitive Technology, Vol. 14 (2), 5-15. Retrieved http://www.tiltfactor.org/wp-content/uploads2/cog-tech-si-g4g-article-1-belman-and-flanagan-designing-games-to-foster-empathy.pdf

Bond, L., Carlin, J. B., Thomas, L., Rubin, K., & Patton, G. 2001. Does Bullying Cause Emotional Problems? A Prospective Study of Young Teenagers. BMJ, 323. doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.323.7311.480

Coloroso, B. 2007. Stop Bullying (Memutus Rantai Kekerasan Anak dari Prasekolah hingga SMU). Jakarta: Serambi.

Corey, G. 2010. Teori dan Praktek Konseling & Psikoterapi, cet. ke-6. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 2008. Penataan Pendidikan Profesional Konselor dan Layanan Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam Jalur Pendidikan Formal.

Direktorat Jenderal Peningkatan Mutu Pendidik dan Tenaga Kependidikan. 2007. Rambu-Rambu Penyelenggaraan Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam Jalur Pendidikan Formal (ttp.: t.p).

Farida , 2017. Tri Sukses Melalui Bimbingan Dan Konseling Pendidikan Sesuai Faktor Sosial Budaya. Konseling Edukasi: Journal of Guidance and Counseling Vol. 1 No (1).

Farrington, David & Baldry, Anna. 2010. Individual Risk Factors for School Bullying. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2010, Vol. 2 Issue: 1, pp.4-16, https://doi.org/10.5042/jacpr.2010.0001

Febrini, Deni. 2011. Bimbingan Konseling.Yogyakarta: Teras.

Frey, Karin S. 2005. Gathering and Communicating Information about School Bullying: Overcoming “Secrets and Lies”. Health Education, 2005, Vol. 105 Issue: 6, pp.409-413, Https://doi.org/10.1108/09654280510630759

Gibson, Robert L. dan Mitchell, Marianne H. 2011. Bimbingan dan Konseling, terjemahan oleh Yudi Santoso. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Goleman, D. 1999. Emotional Intelligence. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Hawrylak, Alicia Raia & Donoghue, Christopher. 2016. Assessing the Impact of Emerging Anti-Bullying Legislation on Children and Youth. Education Youth and Today. Published online: 27 Jul 2016; 167-184. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1537-466120160000020007

Jacobsen, K. & Bauman, S. 2007. Bullying in Schools: School Counselors' Responses to Three Types of Bullying Incidents. Professional School Counseling, 11 (1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.5330/PSC.n.2010-11.1

Kartadinata, Sunaryo, dkk., 2008. Penataan Pendidikan Profesional Konselor dan Layanan Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam jalur Pendidikan Formal, Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Kroth, J. A. 1973. Counseling Psychology and Guidance: an Overview in Outline. Illinois: Charles C. Thomas.

Lösel, Friedrich & Bender, Doris. 2011. Emotional and Antisocial Outcomes of Bullying and Victimization at School: a Follow-up from Childhood to Adolescence. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2011, Vol. 3 Issue: 2, pp.89-96, https://doi.org/10.1108/17596591111132909

Mappiare, A.T. 2011. Pengantar Konseling dan Psikoterapi, edisi ke-2, cet. ke-8. Jakarta: PT Rajagrafindo Persada.

Marsudi, Saring. 2010. Layanan Bimbingan Konseling di Sekolah. Surakarta: Muhammadiyah University Press.

McGee, Tara Renae, at al. 2011. Young Adult Problem Behaviour Outcomes of Adolescent Bullying. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2011, Vol. 3 Issue: 2, pp.110-114, https://doi.org/10.1108/17596591111132936

McIntyre, T. & Franks, A. http://www.behavioradvisor.com/Bullying.html

Nassem, Elizabeth Mary. 2017. The Complexity of Children’s Involvement in School Bullying. Journal of Children's Services, Vol. 12 Issue: 4, pp.288-301, https://doi.org/10.1108/JCS-03-2017-0009

Nassem, Elizabeth Mary. 2017. The Complexity of Children’s Involvement in School Bullying. Journal of Children's Services, Vol. 12 Issue: 4, pp.288-301, https://doi.org/10.1108/JCS-03-2017-0009

Nurihsan, A. J. 2005. Strategi Layanan Bimbingan dan Konseling, cet. ke-1. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Nurihsan, Achmad Juntika. 2011. Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam Berbagai Latar Kehidupan. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Nurlatifah, Andar I. 2017. “Urgensi Empati Konselor/Guru BK dalam Penanganan Bullying di Sekolah”. Proceedings International Conference on Indonesian Islam, Education, and Science (ICIIES)2017-Book Two, 422-429.

Olweus, D. 1996, Bullying at School: Knowledge Base and an Effective Intervention Program. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 794: 265–276. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1996.tb32527.x

Rahman, Hibana S. 2003. Bimbingan dan Konseling Pola 17. Yogyakarta: UCY Press.

Regoli, R. M. & Hewitt, J. D. (2006). Deliquency in Society, Sixth Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

Rivers, I., Poteat, V. P., Noret, N., & Ashurst, N. 2009. Observing Bullying at School: The Mental Health Implications of Witness Status. School Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 4, 211–223. Retieved http://www.apa.org/ pubs/journals/releases/spq-24-4-211.pdf

Samnani, Al Karim. 2013. “Is This Bullying?” Understanding Target and Witness Reactions. Journal of Managerial, 2013, Psychology, Vol. 28 Issue: 3, pp.290-305, https://doi.org/10.1108/02683941311321196

Sciarra, Daniel T. 2004. School Counseling: Foundation and Contemporary Issues. Belmont: Thomson.

Semiun, Y. 2010. Kesehatan Mental 3, cet. ke-5. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius.

Suherman, Uman. 2007. Manajemen Bimbingan dan Konseling. Bekasi: Madani Production.

Ttofi, Maria & Farrington ,David. 2009. What Works in Preventing Bullying: Effective Elements of Anti-Bullying Programmes. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2009, Vol. 1 Issue: 1, pp.13-24, https://doi.org/10.1108/17596599200900003

Wolke, D., Copeland, W. E., Angold, A., & Costello, E. J. 2013. Impact of Bullying in Childhood on Adult Health, Wealth, Crime, and Social Outcomes. Psychological Science. Retrieved http://pss.sagepub.com/content/early/ 2013/08/16/ 0956797613481608

Yen, Cheng-Fang. 2010. School Bullying and Mental Health in Children and Adolescents. Taiwanese Journal of Psychiatry (Taipei), Vol. 24, No. 1. Retrieved www.sop.org.tw/publication/Upload_files/24_1/002.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/konseling.v3i1.5499

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