DEVELOPMENT OF TASAWUF IN SOUTH SULAWESI

Ridhwan Ridhwan

Abstract


Abstrac

This paper describes the development of Sufism in South Sulawesi. As in the archipelago such as Aceh, Minangkabau, Palembang, Banten, Demak, Banjar and Ternate, Gowa and Bone as the epicenter of the development of Islam in South Sulawesi is also influenced by Islamic teachings of tasawuf. The preachers who brought Islam to the archipelago were Sufis who taught Sufism. During this happening contestation and clash between the philosophical color of Ibn Arabi and tasawuf al-Gazali, then Sufism's style that developed in South Sulawesi society successfully reconciled these two domains which then called Neosufisme. The main figure of Sufism in this period is Sheikh Yusuf al-Makassari who developed Tarekat khalwatiyah Yusufiyah and Sheikh Abdul Munir Syamsul Arifin developed Khalwatiyah Sammaniyah. This tarekat then gives influence to the people of South Sulawesi, especially in the Kingdom of Gowa for ethnic Makassar and the Kingdom of Bone for ethnic Bugis. The influence of Sufism is still being felt in various aspects


Keywords


Development, Tasawuf, Neosufism, South Sulawesi

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/qijis.v5i2.2412

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