Reconstruction of Fiqh Nusantara: Developing the Ijtihad Methodology in Formulating Fiqh from Indonesian Perspective

Abdurrohman Kasdi

Abstract


Fiqh Nusantara which is relevant to Indonesian Muslims is Fiqh that is suitable for the personality and character of the Indonesian people so that it can meet their needs. The importance of taking Fiqh stipulations from the results of Ijtihad that is more in line with the needs of the Nusantara community makes Fiqh not rigid in applying it. Fiqh Nusantara exists to revive the Fiqh so that it can participate in shaping the directions and movements of Indonesian people’s lives. This article aims at analyzing the reconstruction of Fiqh Nusantara, by developing the methodology of Ijtihad (Process of legal reasoning in rationalizing law based on the Qur’an and Sunnah) to formulate Fiqh (Islamic law) that is compatible with Indonesian people. The research used qualitative methods with juridical-sociological approaches. The result of this research shows that Fiqh Nusantara evolves along with the introduction of Islam in Indonesia which is known as Nusantara at that time. The reconstruction of the Fiqh Nusantara is done by reinterpreting the Shara theorem contained in traditional Fiqh, by reading the conditions of the community to realize the objectives of Islamic law, while referring to the Mazhab (school of thought) and Ijtihad as an effort to solve problems that occur in Indonesia by considering local wisdom, traditions, or customs.


Keywords


Reconstruction, Transformation, Fiqh Nusantara, Ijtihad

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/qijis.v7i2.4797

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