Public Caning: Should it Be Maintained or Eliminated? (A Reflection of Implementation Sharia Law in Indonesia)

Muhammad Siddiq Armia


This article investigated the corporal punishment through judicial caning in Aceh, Indonesia. The judicial caning is conducted publicly and easily watched by the crowd, including children. This article aimed to search the facts that occurred during the implementation of judicial canning in Aceh. This study employed a qualitative method, with the interview as the main instrument and also used the black-letter law as a supporting approach. The research finding showed that public caning does not guarantee a deterrent effect on the defendants. In some cases, such as gambling and drinking, some of them will potentially repeat the same cases the following years, because the law concerning gambling and drinking does not accommodate rehabilitation mechanism. Furthermore, children attending the canning process will likely imitate the process in their future life. This research has a clear novelty as publication related to judicial caning is still limited in research and articles regarding the Indonesian legal system.


Public caning, corporal punishment, islamic criminal law.

Full Text:



Act Number 11 of 2006 on the Governing of Aceh. (n.d.).

Act Number 3 of 2006 on the Amendment of Act Number 7 of 1989 on the Religious Court. (n.d.).

Act Number 9 of 1998 on the Freedom of Expression of Public Opinion. (n.d.).

Al-Qurthubi, A. ’Abdullah. (1985). Al-Jami’li Ahkam al-Qur’an: Tafsir al-Qurthubi. Juz 12. Beirut: Dar Ihya at-Turats al-‘Arabi.

Al-Syafi’i, A. M. I. (2002). Al-Umm. Juz 6. Dar al-Kotob al-Ilmiyah.

Alhamuddin, A. (2018). Abd Shamad al-Palimbani’s Concept of Islamic Education: Analysis on Kitab Hidayah al-Sālikin fi Suluk Māsālāk lil Muttāqin. QIJIS (Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies), 6(1), 89–102.

Amdani, Y. (2014). Proses Pelaksanaan Penyelesaian Perselisihan di Lembaga Peradilan Adat Aceh Tingkat Gampong (Desa). Asy-Syir’ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari’ah Dan Hukum, 231–254.

Armia, M. S. (2018). Implementing Islamic Constitutionalism: How Islamic Is Indonesia Constitution? AL-’ADALAH.

Banakar, R. (2015). Comparative Law and Legal Cultures. In Normativity in Legal Sociology.

Bjork, C., & Raihani. (2018). Moving toward stability: Development of the Indonesian education system. In Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Indonesia.

Chief of Police Decree Number 7 of 2012 on the How to Implement Service, Security, and Handling Of Coverage Of Public Opinion Opinion. (n.d.).

Chuanyu, L. (2018). Brunei’s Islamic law: Introduction and comments. In China-ASEAN Relations: Cooperation and Development.

Daly, K. (2017). Restorative Justice: The Real Story. Restorative Justice, 85–109.

Dawud, S. A. (1996). Sunan Abi Daud. Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, tt, Juz. I, Kitâb al-Shalât, Bâb Shalâti al-Dhuha, hadith number 3836, 3852, and 3853.

Dinas Syariat Islam Aceh. (2015). Reposisi Kedudukan Wilayatul Hisbah dalam Birokrasi Pemerintah Aceh: Studi Terhadap Jabatan Fungsional Wilayatul Hisbah. Banda Aceh: Dinas Syariat Islam Aceh.

Dinas Syariat Islam Aceh. (2017). Kajian Syariat Islam Terhadap Tingkat Kriminalitas Pasca Penerapan Qanun Jinayat. Banda Aceh: Dinas Syariat Islam Aceh.

Fakhruroji, M. (2015). Mediatization Of Religion In “Texting Culture”: Self-help Religion And The Shifting Of Religious Authority. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 231–254.

Fanani, A. F. (2017). The Implementation of Sharia Bylaws and its Negative Social Outcome for Indonesian Women. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 153–174.

Farrell, C. (2018). Judicial Corporal Punishment Picture: Judicial and Prison Punishment Pictures From Various Countries.

Feener, R. M. (2013). Social Engineering through Shari’a: Islamic Law and State-Directed Da’wa in Contemporary Aceh. Indonesia Law Review, 285.

Fonseca, D. S. (2018). Reimagining The Sociology of Punishment Through the Global-South: Postcolonial Social Control and Modernization Discontents. Journal of Punishment & Society, 54–72.

Frankenberg, G. (2016). Comparative Law as Critique. Comparative Law as Critique.

Gade, C. B. (2018). Restorative Justice as Punishment. Restorative Justice: An International Journal.

Garadian, E. A. (2016). Between identity and interest: Revisiting Sharia Bylaw in current Indonesia. Studia Islamika.

Garland, D. (2018). Punishment and Welfare: a History of Penal Strategies. Louisiana: Quid Pro Book.

Gavrielides, T. (2017). Restorative Justice: Ideals and Realities (1st ed.). London: Routledge.

Gershoff, E. T. (2017). School Corporal Punishment in Global Perspective: Prevalence, Outcomes, and Efforts At Intervention. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 224–239.

Governor of Aceh Decree Number 41 of 2009 on the Organizational Structure and Working Procedures of the Technical Implementation Unit. (n.d.).

Gutteridge, H. C. (2015). Comparative Law: An Introduction to the Comparative Method of Legal Study and Research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hamzah, M. (2012). SuAK: Hakim PujiMesti Dicambuk di Sabang.

Han, S. (2017). Corporal Punishment Practice: Law, Trends, Perspective, and Research. Corporal Punishment in Rural Schools. In Corporal Punishment in Rural Schools: Student Problem Behaviours, Academic Outcomes and School Safety Efforts (pp. 17–35). Springer.

Harahap, Z. A. A. (2015). Reformulasi Tindak Pidana Zina Dalam RUU KUHP Indonesia Dan Sumbangan Hukum Islam Terhadapnya. Yurisprudentia: Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi, (1), 16–27.

Hirschl, R. (2013). From comparative constitutional law to comparative constitutional studies. International Journal of Constitutional Law.

Hung, H. T. M. (2016). No Title (The ISEAS Working Paper Series No. 4).

Ibnu ’Asyur, M. A.-T. (1997). Tafsir al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir. Tunisia: Dar Shuhnun Li sal-Nasyrwa al-Tauzi’.

International, A. (2010). A Blow to Humanity Torture by Judicial Caning In Malaysia. Amnesty International Publication.

Interviewed with Agus in April 2018, Banda Aceh. (n.d.).

Interviewed with Atailah in Mei 2018, Banda Aceh. (n.d.).

Interviewed with Marzuki in March 2018, Banda Aceh. (n.d.).

Interviewed with Syahdansyah Putera Jaya in February 2018, Banda Aceh. (n.d.).

Islam, M. H. (2018). Islamic Law In Indonesia (Tradition, Thought, Political Law and Legal Products). As-Syari’ah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, (4), 31–50.

Kamal, M. H. M. (2019). Human Rights Perspectives On Issues In The Implementation Of Islamic Criminal Law In Malaysia. Petita: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Hukum Dan Syariah, 4(1), 14–30.

Kaur, P., & Yuan, Y. S. (2017). Inhuman punishment and human rights activism in the little red dot. In A History of Human Rights Society in Singapore: 1965-2015.

Lukito, R. (2019). Shariah And The Politics Of Pluralism In Indonesia: Understanding State’s Rational Approach To Adat And Islamic Law. PETITA: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Hukum Dan Syariah.

Melha, I. (2018). 2,950 Inmates’ Jail Terms Reduced for Memorising Quran.

Moss, S. A., Lee, E., Berman, A., & Rung, D. (2018). When do People Value Rehabilitation and Restorative Justice Over the Punishment of Offenders? Journal Victims and Offenders: An International Journal of Evidence-Based Reasearch, 14(1), 32–51.

Ngiam, X. Y., & Tung, S. W. (2016). The Acceptability of Caning Children in Singapore: The Fine Line Between Discipline And Physical Maltreatment. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 37, 158–163.

Nyak Pha, M. H. (1991). No TitleImeum Mukim, Keberadaan Dan Peranannya Kini: SuatuPenelitian Di Kecamatan Seulimeum, Aceh Besar. Banda Aceh: Universitas Syiah Kuala.

Ong, B. J. (2019). The doctrine of severability in constitutional review: A perspective from Singapore. Statute Law Review.

Pal, M. (2017). Comparative Constitutional Law and Waldron’s Political Political Theory. International Journal of Constitutional Law. International Journal and Constitutional Law, 15(3), 855–860.

Pate, M., & Gould, L. A. (2012). Corporal punishment around the world. Corporal Punishment around the World.

Peletz, M. G. (2018). Islamic modern: Religious courts and cultural politics in Malaysia. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Qanun Aceh Number 7 of 2013 on the Hukum Acara Jinayat. (n.d.).

Rajah, M. (2017). Rationalising the burden of establishing defences at criminal law in Singapore: Reconsidering Jayasena , in the wake of Eu Lim Hoklai . The International Journal of Evidence & Proof.

Rebellon, C. J., & Straus, M. (2017). Corporal punishment and adult antisocial behavior: A comparison of dyadic concordance types and an evaluation of mediating mechanisms in Asia, Europe, and North America. International Journal of Behavioral Development.

Roy, O. (2012). The Transformation of the Arab World. Journal of Democracy, 23(3), 5–18.

Santoso. (2015). Implementation Balancing Idea In The Development Of Criminal Law In Indonesia. QIJIS (Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies).

Savelsberg, J. J. (2018). Punitive turn and justice cascade: Mutual inspiration from Punishment and Society and human rights literatures. Punishment and Society.

Scheuerman, H. L. (2018). Understanding shame: Examining how justice and emotions operate in the context of restorative justice. Sociology Compass.

Sianturi, S. R. (1983). Tindak Pidana di KUHP Berikut Uraiannya. Bandung: Alumni AHM-PTHM.

Siems, M. (2018). Comparative Law (Law in Context) (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Silalahi, R. M., & Yuwono, U. (2018). The Sustainability of Pancasila in Indonesian Education System: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Legal Texts on Education. Research in Social Sciences and Technology, 3(2), 58–78.

Steiner, K. (2019). Islam, Law, and Human Rights of Women in Malaysia.

Stivens, M. (2015). Gender, sharia and the politics of punishment: A contemporary Malaysian case. In Asian Muslim Women: Globalization and Local Realities. SUNY Series Genders in the Global South. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Strang, H., & Braithwaite, J. (2017). Restorative Justice: Philosophy To Practice. London: Routledge.

Sulaiman, Y. (2007). Terkait Kasus Khalwat, Ketua PN Sabang Dicopot.

Susilo, M. S. S. (2018). Muhammad Abduh’s Thought on Muhammadiyah Educational Modernism: Tracing the Influence in Its Early Development. QIJIS (Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies), 6, 127–160.

Tushnet, M. (2017). Comparative Constitutional Law, The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Whiting, A. (2018). Human Rights in Post-Transition Malaysia. The Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, 107(6), 811–813.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.