MAQASYID SYARI’AH PERSPEKTIF PEMIKIRAN IMAM SYATIBI DALAM KITAB AL-MUWAFAQAT

Abdurrahman Kasdi

Abstract


AllahrevealedIslamiclawisnothingelsethantotakethemaslaha(benefit)and avoidevils(jalbulmashalihwadar’ulmafasid).Inanotherword,Godsetlegal rulesforthebenefitofthehumanthemselves.ImamSyathibi dividedmaslaha tothreeimportantpartsi.e. dharuriyyat(primary),hajiyyat(secondary)and tahsinat(tertiary).MaqashidShariaissomethingthatmustexistinorder toaccomplishthebenefitofreligionandtheworld. Otherwise,itwillcause damageandevenlossoflifeandlivingsuchaseating,drinking,praying, fastingandotheractsofworship.Whatincludesbeneficiariesormaqashid Shariaharefive,namely:religion(al-din),soul(al-nafs),descent(an-nasl), property(al-mal)andaqal(al-aql).Thewaytokeepthelastfivecanbereached intwoways:intermsoftheirform(minnahiyyati al-wujud)bywayofkeeping andmaintainingaspectsperpetuatetheexistenceandtermsofnon-existance (min nahiyyati al ‘adam) by preventing the things that led to its absence.

AllahrevealedIslamiclawisnothingelsethantotakethemaslaha(benefit)and

avoidevils(jalbulmashalihwadar’ulmafasid).Inanotherword,Godsetlegal

rulesforthebenefitofthehumanthemselves.ImamSyathibidividedmaslaha

tothreeimportantpartsi.e.dharuriyyat(primary),hajiyyat(secondary)and

tahsinat(tertiary).MaqashidShariaissomethingthatmustexistinorder

toaccomplishthebenefitofreligionandtheworld.Otherwise,itwillcause

damageandevenlossoflifeandlivingsuchaseating,drinking,praying,

fastingandotheractsofworship.Whatincludesbeneficiariesormaqashid

Shariaharefive,namely:religion(al-din),soul(al-nafs),descent(an-nasl),

property(al-mal)andaqal(al-aql).Thewaytokeepthelastfivecanbereached

intwoways:intermsoftheirform(minnahiyyatial-wujud)bywayofkeeping

andmaintainingaspectsperpetuatetheexistenceandtermsofnon-existance

(min nahiyyati al ‘adam) by preventing the things that led to its absence.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/yudisia.v5i1.693

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