Kritik Abdul Karim Soroush Atas Sistem Al-Faqih: Teks Agama, Interpretasi dan Demokrasi

Cahya Edi Setyawan

Abstract


Soroush criticized the concept of "al-faqih territory" embodied in the system of religious democracy in Iran. The concept gives Mullah and Ulama a sole authority. Al-faqih territory which means the leadership of a jihad is a form of Syiah politics that takes place in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The government policy in the name of "God's Voice" to punish a State case. According to Soroush, this is a misconception because the government just prioritizes the interests of the State and denies the public inspirations. On this basis, Soroush wants to give Iranians an understanding of religion more truthfully, so that the people are aware that Religion (text / revelation) and knowledge of theology is different. Soroush attempts at giving reconsideration of the status of "religious ideology" to the public in order to be able to criticize the concept of government in Iran that is "al-faqih territory".

Keywords


Critic, Soroush, Religious Authority, Interpretation, Democration

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdallah, U. A. (2010). “Memikirkan Agenda Pembaharuan Islam ke Depan” Makalah untuk Studium General (No. 3 Oktober). Cirebon.

Anwar, S. (1998). Metodologi Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Badarussyamsi. (2015). Pemikiran Abdul Karim Soroush tentang Persoalan Otoritas Kebenaran Agama. Islamica: Jurnal Studi Keislaman. UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 10, 58–81.

Bagir, H. (2002). Potret Seorang Muslim Liberal. In A. Ali (Ed.), Menggugat Otoritas dan Tradisi Agama (pp. 11–27). Bandung: Mizan.

Fadoil, H. (2013). Konsep Pemerintahan Religius dan Demokrasi Menurut Abdul Karim Soroush dan Ayatullah Khomeini. Al-Daulah: Jurnal Hukum Dan Perundangan Islam, 3.

Hadi, S. (1983). Metodologi Research. Yogyakarta: UGM Press.

Hidayat, K., & Nafis, M. . (2003). Agama Masa Depan: Perspektif Filsafat Perenial. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Kamali, H. (1995). The Theory of Expansion and Contraction of Religion: A Research Program for Islamic Revivalism (An Iranian Perspective).

Sadri, M. (2001). Sacral Defense of Secularism: The Political Theologies of Sprpush, Shabestari and Kadivar. International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society, 15, 285.

Soroush, A. K. (1998). The Evolution and Devolution of Religious Knowledge. In C. Kurzman (Ed.), Liberal Islam: A Souercebook (pp. 245–246). New York: Oxford University Press.

Soroush, A. K. (2000). Reason, Freedom and Democracy in Islam. New York: Oxford University Press.

Soroush, A. K. (2001). Menggugat Otoritas Agama. Bandung: Mizan.

Sugiyono. (2005). Memahami Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Alfath Offset.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/fikrah.v5i1.2258

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Fikrah: Jurnal Ilmu Aqidah dan Studi Keagamaan is published by

Prodi Aqidah dan Filsafat Islam IAIN Kudus incorporate with

Asosiasi Aqidah dan Filsafat Islam.

Jl. Conge Ngembalrejo Bae Kudus Po Box. 51
Phone: +6285648082247 or +6282331050629
Website: http://journal.stainkudus.ac.id/index.php/fikrah
Email: fikrah@stainkudus.ac.id

ISSN: 2354-6174 | EISSN: 2476-9649

Creative Commons License
Fikrah Jurnal Ilmu Aqidah dan Studi Keagamaan by Prodi Aqidah dan Filsafat Islam Jurusan Ushuluddin IAIN Kudus is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.