Kritik Abdul Karim Soroush Atas Sistem Al-Faqih: Teks Agama, Interpretasi dan Demokrasi

Cahya Edi Setyawan

Abstract


Soroush menggugat konsep “wilayah al-faqih” dalam sistem demokrasi agama di Iran. Konsep tersebut memberikan wewenang tunggal kepada Mullah dan ulama, sehingga fatwanya bersifat otoritatif. Soroush mengkiritik karena pemerintah hanya mengedepankan kepentingan negara dan menafikan kemaslahatan masyarakat. Kajian ini bebrsifat analisis interpretatif dengan memahami pemikiran Soroush tentang sistem pemerintahan di Iran, sehingga memberikan pemahaman tentang agama secara komprehensif yang membedakan antara agama dan tafsir agama. Soroush menggunakan teori hermeneutika kebebasan dalam membaca ajaran agama untuk menemukan ajaran egaliter. Kesimpulannya ialah “wilayah al-faqih” memperlambat adaptasi dengan perkembangan modern dan setiap putusan yang bersifat ideologi agama harus dipertimbngkan kembali karena bukan utusan Tuhan yang otoritatif.

 

Abstract

Soroush criticized the concept of "al-faqih territory" embodied in the system of religious democracy in Iran. The concept gives Mullah and Ulama a sole authority. Al-faqih territory which means the leadership of a jihad is a form of Syiah politics that takes place in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The government policy in the name of "God's Voice" to punish a State case. According to Soroush, this is a misconception because the government just prioritizes the interests of the State and denies the public inspirations. On this basis, Soroush wants to give Iranians an understanding of religion more truthfully, so that the people are aware that Religion (text / revelation) and knowledge of theology is different. Soroush attempts at giving reconsideration of the status of "religious ideology" to the public in order to be able to criticize the concept of government in Iran that is "al-faqih territory".


Keywords


Hermeneutika agama, penyusutan dan penyempita pemahaman agama.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/fikrah.v5i1.2258

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