Demokrasi Antara Pembatasan Dan Kebebasan Beragama Serta Implikasinya Terhadap Formalisasi Islam

Abu Hapsin

Abstract


Tulisan ini membahas hubungan antara demokrasi dan kebebasan beragama. Jika demokrasi diartikan sebagai kebebasan berperilaku selama masih dalam frame konstitusional, maka permasalahannya ialah apakah boleh memaknai demokrasi dengan melakukan formalisasi agama dalam tatanan politik dan hukum dari suatu negara demokrasi? Pertanyaan tersebut bersandar pada anggapan bahwa agama tidak mempunyai ranah rasional, sehingga hubungan demokrasi dan kebebsan agama terkadang menjadi problematik ketika dipaksakan pada ranah konstitusional. Teori John Rawls  dan Franklin I. Gamwell sebagai pemikir modern, menghasilakan simpulan bahwa pada wilayah tertentu agama tidak bisa dipaksakan masuk ranah politik, tetapi secara universal agama bagian dari politik.



Democracy among Border-Freedom and Its Implication on Islamic Formalization. This paper discusses the relationship between democracy and freedom of religion. If democracy is defined as the freedom to behave as long as it is still in the constitutional frame, then the problem is whether to interpret democracy by formalizing religion in the political and legal order of a democratic country? The question rests on the assumption that religion has no rational domain so that the relationship between democracy and religious freedom sometimes becomes problematic when imposed on the constitutional domain. Theories of John Rawls and Franklin I. Gamwell as modern thinkers led to the conclusion that in certain areas religion cannot be forced into the political sphere, but universally religion is part of politics.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/fikrah.v5i1.2657

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